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Conditions »

Ards (Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome)
This condition is a failure of the respiratory system characterized by fluid accumulation within the lung that causes the lung to stiffen. The condition is triggered by a variety of processes that injure the lungs. When we breathe, air enters into our lung and then into alveoli. Alveoli are the air filled sacs in the lungs which are used for exchange ...
Bronchial Asthma
This is a lung disorder that includes periodic attacks of wheezing, alternating with periods of relatively normal breathing. Symptoms of asthma can occur spontaneously or can be triggered by respiratory infections, exercise, cold air, tobacco smoke or other pollutants, stress or anxiety, or by food or drug allergies. The muscles of the bronchial tree become tight and the lining of ...
Bronchiectasis
Bronchiectasis is an acquired disorder of the large bronchi (airways) which become dilated after destructive infections of thelungs. Rarely, it may be congenital.
Bronchitis
An inflammation of the main air passages to the lungs (the bronchi). The incidence is 4 out of 100 people.
Croup
A condition of breathing difficulty caused by infection, inflammation, and swelling of the upper airway (larynx, trachea, andbronchus).Croup is characterized by a "barking" cough (sometimes described as a hoarse cough, or as a seal-bark cough); hoarseness(laryngitis) ; noisy, high-pitched breathing sounds when inhaling (stridor) ; and increasing difficulty in breathing.
Pulmonary Actinomycosis
An infection caused by Actinomyces israelii or related actinomycete bacteria that causes disease of the chest, mouth and jaw,and pelvis.
Tuberculous (Tb)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB generally affects the lungs but also can spread to any part of the body. Many years ago, these diseases called “consumption” because there wasn’t proper medication and treatment available for the patient and hence the patient would be ‘consumed’ or often die due to it. Today, with ...
Whooping Cough
Whooping cough is an infection of the respiratory system that is caused by bacteria ‘Bordetella’. The bacterium affects the respiratory passages and the illness of Pertussis or B.Pertussis, is characterized by severe coughing spells ending with a slightly high-pitched sound of “whooping” when the person breathes in (inhales). The Whooping cough or Pertussis used to be a deadly illness before ...
Acute Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis is a condition in which mucous membranes of bronchial tubes gets inflamed. Bronchial tubes are considered as the main windpipe and perform important function of carrying air or oxygen into the lungs. Due to the infection in the tubes, swelling is caused and thick fluid (commonly referred as mucus) is formed inside them. It has been observed that person ...
Acute Pulmonary Eosinophilia (Loeffler'S Syndrome)
Acute pulmonary eosinophilia (Loeffler's syndrome) is a condition in which lungs become inflamed due to increase in eosinophils. In other words, it can be said that it is a condition in which Eosinpphils, a type of white blood cells, causes inflammation in the lungs if its size increases. It is estimated that 6 people out of 100000 are commonly affected ...
Acute Upper Airway Obstruction
Acute upper airway obstruction is a condition in which upper airways gets blocked. Upper airways of trachea, throat (pharyngeal) or voice box (laryngeal) gets blocked in the condition due to many factors. The condition may result in life-threatening symptoms in a short span of time like respiratory failure followed by cardiac arrest. Needless to say, the condition is dangerous and ...
Alveolar Abnormalities
Alveoli are tiny air sacs in lungs and allow oxygen to enter the blood. These can get damaged or collapse, develop thick membrane, or can fuse together, making difficult for oxygen to enter the blood  
Asbestosis
Asbestosis is chronic breathing disorder that is caused by inhaling asbestos fibers. A person experiences shortness of breath and scarring in lung tissues if the fibers accumulate in the lungs for a long period of time. In the mid 1970,s people in the job make use of asbestos and its related products, due to which they suffer from the condition. ...
Asbestos-Related Pleural Effusion
Pleural space is the gap in the lung where the pleural fluid stays. This fluid safeguards the lung from external bruise and tear, but during the accidents and trauma the lungs get damaged and more amount of pleural fluid is produced. Asbestos-related pleural effusion is a condition where there is more production of pleural fluid due to certain kinds of ...
Atelectasis
Atelectasis is a condition in which partial or complete collapse of lungs takes place. Atelectasis occurs when alveoli (tiny air sacs) within the lungs get deflated. The condition shows serious results if a person makes delay in taking the treatment
Atheroembolic Renal Disease
Atheroembolic renal disease is a condition in which inflammatory reaction takes place in the small blood vessels of the kidneys.
Atypical Pneumonia
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung's parenchyma or the functional unit of the lungs i.e alveoli.This mainly due to the bacteria,viruses and other organism like fungi, mycoplasma,etc.Alveoli gets filled with the fluid results in the consolidation which is a clinical term for the solidification of the soft tissues of the lung.Alveolar spaces contains the fluid instead of gas.Consolidation ...
Bronchial Adenoma
A Bronchial Adenoma is a tumor of large bronchi or trachea that results in obstruction of the airways. Although, bronchial adenoma is referred to benign tumor of the airways, it is commonly misapplied to other conditions related to malignant tumors. These tumors slowly and steadily grow in size and rarely spread to other parts of the body. Some of the ...
Bronchiolitis
Bronchiolitis is a condition that results in the formation of mucus and swelling in the tiny airways, known as bronchioles, due to infection. In the condition, airways become inflamed due to which a person faces difficulty in breathing. The condition, commonly, affects young children and infants because their airways are small and get blocked easily. The condition affects the infants ...
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia is a lung disease that is characterized by abnormal development of the lung tissues. The disease commonly found in premature babies as at the time of birth their lungs are not fully developed. The term Bronchi refer to the bronchial tubes, pulmonary is the lungs’ alveoli. And dysplasia is referred to unusual changes in the organization or structure ...

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