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Atheroembolic Renal Disease

Overview

Atheroembolic renal disease is a condition in which inflammatory reaction takes place in the small blood vessels of the kidneys.


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Causes

The condition is closely associated with atherosclerosis, which is a common disorder of the arteries. Atherosclerosis occurs when substances like fat, cholesterol, etc. develop on the walls of the arteries and form substance known as plaque. In Atheroembolic renal disease, the crystal of cholesterol breaks off from the lining of the arteries and move into the blood stream. After that, in the process of circulation, the crystals get stuck in arterioles and cause intense pain and swelling, thereby causing harm to the kidneys and other body parts. In most of the condition it is believed that Atherosclerosis of the aorta is the main cause of AERD. AERD can occur without cause also.


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Signs & Symptoms

The condition does not cause any symptoms. If symptoms occur, they occur suddenly and get worse in coming weeks and months. The common symptoms are:

  • Ulcers on the feet, Foot pain
  • High blood pressure
  • Fever, headache, muscle ache
  • Blindness or strokes
  • Hepatitis

The condition can also lead to kidney failure. In kidney failure, patents experience following symptoms:

  • Weight loss
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Los of appetite
  • Dry itchy skin
  • No urine or decreased outpu
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Prevention

Reducing weight in the case you are obese, stop smoking, reducing intake of oily food, etc are some conditions that help in preventing the condition. 


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Treatments
Medication Modern Medicine

No specific treatment can work well in Atheroembolic renal disease. The treatment only aims at managing complications. Medications are given to control high blood pressure and lower the levels of cholesterol and lipids.

Other treatment aims at reducing intake of such food products that contain cholesterol and fats in the diet. In a condition of kidney failure, doctors recommend restrict intake of protein, fluids and salt. Making some changes in lifestyle such as doing physical exercise, etc also recommended.

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