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Acute Pulmonary Eosinophilia (Loeffler'S Syndrome)

Overview

Acute pulmonary eosinophilia (Loeffler's syndrome) is a condition in which lungs become inflamed due to increase in eosinophils. In other words, it can be said that it is a condition in which Eosinpphils, a type of white blood cells, causes inflammation in the lungs if its size increases. It is estimated that 6 people out of 100000 are commonly affected from the condition. Some of the alternatives or other names of the condition are pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia, Loeffler syndrome and eosinophilic pneumonia.


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Causes

Acute pulmonary eosinophilia (Loeffler's syndrome) can be caused by nickel exposure, parasitic infection like ascaris lumbricoides, recent blood transfusion, etc. Allergic reaction caused by drugs such as sulphonamide, etc are also held responsible for causing the condition.


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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms experienced by affected person include:

  • Rapid respiratory rate
  • Rashes
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Dry cough
  • Fever lasting for a number of days, general ill feeling
  • headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Appetite loss

An important point noteworthy to disclose is depending upon an individual’s condition, symptoms vary. Some may experience mild symptoms, other may experience severe or no symptoms.

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Prevention

It is counted as rare disorder and many times it becomes difficult to detect its cause. Therefore, its risk can be only minimized by reducing exposure to certain medicines, metals, etc.


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Treatments
Conservative Modern Medicine

It is said that the disease is self-limited, so all its symptoms resolves spontaneously, without taking any treatment. Still, one can take precautions by showing his condition to health experts in order to know the exact cause of the disease. If acute pulmonary eosinophilia (Loeffler's syndrome) is caused by drug’s allergy, then health professionals will recommend you to stop taking particular drugs. If the condition is caused by an infection, then anti-parasitic medication or antibiotics are recommended. In some cases, anti-inflammatory medicines like corticosteroids are also suggested.

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